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Top Gadwall site in London

Posted by:wrengroup | Posted on: December 17th, 2014 | 0 Comments

MoorhenGadwall Forgive me if I keep going on about Gadwall in the Wanstead area, but if you have something good why not shout about it? After numbers steadily climbed during the autumn I did wonder whether last year’s record total would be bested. Well, it has been. The fine efforts of Dan and Nick on Saturday 13th December saw to that. Dan counted 368 in Wanstead Park and Nick added 43 at Alexandra Lake, on Wanstead Flats, producing a magnificent total of 411. If you were to cheekily add Ann-Marie’s 21 on Hollow Pond – a little outside our core area, but not much – we have 432 of these fine dabbling ducks. Even without, the Wanstead ‘patch’ is presently the pre-eminent site in London for the species. Not that Gadwall represent the only waterbird interest. In the past week there have been nine Wigeon and 11 Common Teal in Wanstead Park, with good numbers of the other regular ducks and geese. Two Water Rails have been seen by Shoulder of Mutton pond. And, of course, there are Kingfishers, at least four different stripes of gulls, Moorhens (pictured), Cormorants, Grey Herons, Little and Great Crested Grebes, and Grey Wagtails. Take a look around Wanstead Park: it really is beautiful! Tim Harris (16/12/14)  

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New butterfly and moth report out

Posted by:wrengroup | Posted on: December 1st, 2014 | 0 Comments

Streak Moth Butterflies and Moths Report 2014 This year has been a memorable year for butterflies locally. Recent colonists Green Hairstreak and Ringlet consolidated and extended their range during 2014, and in addition to our regular species, Brown Argus was seen and photographed on Wanstead Flats (does it breed there annually?), as was Clouded Yellow. Though 2014 produced neither the moth species diversity nor the number of individuals noted in 2013, there were still around 200 species including many highlights. Numerous species were recorded in the area for the first time, including the continental form of Crescent Dart, possibly only the second record for Essex, on 12 September. Our local specialities - notably some of the oak and broom feeders - did not disappoint, and the moth season was extended late into the autumn by the mild weather. Rose Stephens managed to find several Streak moths (photo) on Wanstead Flats in November. Tim Harris    

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Gadwall numbers leap again 9 November 2014

Posted by:wrengroup | Posted on: November 9th, 2014 | 0 Comments

Common Teal Drake The November WeBS count for the British Trust for Ornithology is usually an interesting one, with wildfowl numbers building up as the UK benefits from influxes of dabbling and diving ducks from continental Europe. It was hard to believe the date was 9 November as we walked around Wanstead Park's lakes and ponds in glorious sunshine and with a temperature rising to at least 13 degrees. So warm was it, in fact, that a Red Admiral and ovipositing dragonflies were noted. Following our tried and tested route, around the Shoulder of Mutton pond and Heronry Lake, we noted increased Coot numbers since the October count, and a total of 17 Pochard and 16 Mute Swans on Heronry. There were a few Shoveler, Gadwall and Tufted Duck on Perch, and 87 Gadwall and nine Common Teal were counted on the Ornamental Waters. Some of the biggest surprises were on The Basin, where a count of 12 Egyptian Geese represents the biggest number ever noted on a local WeBS count. However, Tom the water bailiff estimated that there had been up to 30 in the previous week. Where has this influx come from? There were another 46 Gadwall on The Basin, along with four Wigeon. The third of the day's Kingfishers was at the Overton Drive end of the lake. Overall, in addition to the noteworthy counts of Gadwall and Egyptian Geese, the totals for Coot and Moorhen were also high. Thanks to Nick Croft, David Giddings, Kathy Hartnett, Jackie Morrison, Haydn Powell, and Andrew Spencer Combined with figures for Alexandra Lake (NC, in parenthesis), today's totals were as follows:
  • Mute Swan: 27
  • Greylag Goose: 14 (10)
  • Canada Goose: 165 (124)
  • Egyptian Goose: 12
  • Eurasian Wigeon: 4
  • Gadwall: 221 (28)
  • Common Teal: 10 (1)
  • Mallard: 118 (26)
  • Shoveler: 16 (5)
  • Pochard: 22 (5)
  • Tufted Duck: 51 (11)
  • Little Grebe: 13 (4)
  • Great Crested Grebe: 4
  • Cormorant: 2
  • Grey Heron: 6
  • Moorhen: 74 (34)
  • Coot: 278 (102)
  • Black-headed Gull: 74
  • Common Gull: 1
  • Kingfisher: 3
Tim Harris

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Fungus Foray in Bush Wood – 25 October 2014

Posted by:wrengroup | Posted on: October 25th, 2014 | 0 Comments

019 058 095 On a lovely autumn morning, 30 people, a small baby and a dog gathered in Bush Wood for a fungus walk led by Tricia Moxey. Although Tricia warned that there was a possibility that there would be few fungi, she need not have worried. In fact, there was a group of Grey Fairy Bonnets right by where we had gathered! After that the group threw itself into fungi-finding with great gusto. With Tricia's advice and identification tips we were treated to a wide range of species - more than 20 in all. These included Red-cracking Boletus, more Grey and White Fairy Bonnets growing on the ground, and Turkey Tail brackets and clusters of orange Hairy Curtain Crust on rotting wood. Delicate Fan fungi were found on smaller twigs. We also saw such beauties as Amethyst Deceiver, Verdigris Agaric and Stalked Puffball. The walk ended at the northern end of Wanstead Flats with the magical sight of a group of Fly Agarics. Thanks to Tricia's informative talk, I think we all came away with a much better understanding of the importance of fungi for the natural environment. This value to the whole ecosystem highlights the dangers of the industrial-scale harvesting of wild fungi that is now taking place in parts of Epping Forest - and which must be stopped. Sharon Payne, 25/10/2014

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Nature Club October 2014

Posted by:wrengroup | Posted on: October 25th, 2014 | 0 Comments

IMG_2001 IMG_1997     Jordan Thomas who is an Epping forest Keeper brought along his collection of deer antlers and skulls to show us. We were surprised how heavy they were! There were antlers from British deer such as red deer, roe deer and fallow deer , though the only kind of deer we might see near here in Bush Wood is the little Muntjac, which is the size of a dog. Then we went out to look for tracks and signs nearby and we followed some interesting trails in the long grass, until we found a fox den and a mouse’s nest, and some very smelly mystery poos which we thought might be mink

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Bio-blitzing Perch Pond – 5 October 2014

Posted by:wrengroup | Posted on: October 23rd, 2014 | 0 Comments

BioBlitz_Oct14_002     As of 22nd October, the species list for the 5th October bio-blitz in Wanstead Park stands at 148, excluding plants and lichens. Probably the most popular activity on the day was the pond-dipping, organised by Derek McEwan. Derek almost had to be dragged away from the east end of Perch Pond, where he set up base, such was his enthusiasm for discovering what was in the waters of that lake. Derek's species summary makes fascinating reading. Summarising, he found:
  • 3 species of freshwater leech (subclass Hirudinea).
  • 1 species of horsehair worm (phylum Nematomorpha).
  • 12 species of molluscs, including a variety of freshwater snails and mussels.
  • 2 species of crustaceans, the most dramatic of which was a large American Signal Crayfish.
  • 1 species of true fly (order Diptera).
  • 9 species of water bugs, the most common being Greater Water-Boatman, and with four species of Lesser Water-Boatman.
  • 6 species of water beetle, including the fascinating Screech Beetle (Hygrobia hermanni), which let out an audible squeak when touched.
  • 6 dragonfly and damselfly species, including the larvae of Common Blue Damselfly and Red-eyed Damselfly; there was also a very late flying Black-tailed Skimmer.
  • 2 fish species, Perch and Roach.
Derek commented: "It’s always dangerous to make assumptions based on just one set of data, but there are some interesting general  trends. There seems to be a very good variety of freshwater molluscs in the Perch Pond, especially water snails and bivalves. Crustaceans, including shrimps, water slaters and Signal Crayfish, are also plentiful. On the other hand there were no caddis, alder or may-fly larvae, and very few Odonata larvae - even in the littoral zone at the margins of the pond. This is despite the pond-dipping always being attended by several flying adults e.g. Migrant Hawkers and Common Darters. There were also very few predatory water beetles with just one specimen of Acilius sulcatus and no Dysticus or Agabus species. I’m not sure if it’s because of the late time of year, or if the numbers of predatory fish are having an impact and the larger, more conspicuous beetles are not having the chance to reach maturity. It’s also possible that the algal blooms may be having an impact, but there’s enough clear surface water that I think it’s a little unlikely. The scarcity of Lesser Water-Boatmen (Family Corixidae) was also surprising, with just a few individuals found during the day. Although well-represented, there were also fewer Greater Water-Boatmen (Notonecta glauca) than I had expected and just a single Hesperocorixid and Water Scorpion (Nepa cineria). Again, I would have expected to find more in a lake of this size/water depth. Further studies should help – it would be especially interesting to compare the Perch Pond with the other lakes in the Park like the Shoulder of Mutton Pond, to see how water quality/invertebrate life varies across the site." The Wren Group is preparing plans to do more bio-blitzes in 2015. Watch this space!

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Waterbird numbers start to climb

Posted by:wrengroup | Posted on: October 13th, 2014 | 0 Comments

Tufted Duck Grey Heron   Every autumn it happens. But it's still exciting when it does – the gradual filling out of Wanstead Park's lakes with wintering wildfowl. Last year the clear winners were Gadwall, whose numbers peaked at more than 300 around the turn of the year, in the process establishing Wanstead Park as one of the key sites in London for the species. This year this unobtrusive dabbling duck seems to be at it again, with numbers logged on the WeBS waterbird count on Sunday 12th October reaching 101. It will be interesting to see how many more arrive in the next two months. Even more unobtrusive are Common Teal, which often tuck themselves away under overhanging vegetation in quieter parts of the Ornamental Water. WeBS counters found seven birds on Sunday but this species - another dabbling duck - is notoriously difficult to count accurately in Wanstead Park and I would not be surprised if there were already more there. A pleasant surprise was the presence of five Wigeon, two on the Basin and three on Heronry. This is a scarce duck away from the coast or the Thames. Odd birds sometimes  turn up in very cold weather, so to have such a number in mild conditions is something of an event. Many of our Pochard seem to have moved on, and my suspicious is that the September peak (74 birds) involved local breeders rather than an influx from continental Europe. Numbers of Mallard and Tufted Duck haven't yet started to increase noticeably. Other birds of interest included five Great Crested Grebes on the Basin, single Kingfishers seen on Heronry and near the Cedar of Lebanon, a good count of six Grey Herons, two Grey Wagtails and a Little Egret. The figures: Wanstead Park: 15 Mute Swan, 31 Canada Goose, 2 Greylag Goose, 78 Mallard, 5 Wigeon, 7 Common Teal, 10 Shoveler, 33 Tufted Duck, 21 Pochard, 4 Cormorant, 6 Grey Heron, 1 Little Egret, 136 Coot, 40 Moorhen, 5 Great Crested Grebe, 1 Little Grebe, 64 Black-headed Gull, 1 Herring Gull Hollow Pond: 7 Mute Swan, 94 Canada Goose, 2 Greylag Goose, 2 Egyptian Goose, 30 Mallard, 3 Shoveler, 17 Pochard, 16 Tufted Duck, 1 Grey Heron, 2 Great Crested Grebe, 48 Coot, 10 Moorhen, 68 Black-headed Gull, 2 Herring Gull. Thanks to David Giddings and Andrew Spencer for their able assistance to do the count, and to Nick Croft and Ralph Potter for additional records. We now have a regular counter at Hollow Pond, Whipps Cross: welcome to the team, Anne-Marie White! Tim Harris 13/10/2014

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Bio-blitzing the Park – 5 October 2014

Posted by:wrengroup | Posted on: October 6th, 2014 | 0 Comments

BioBlitz_Oct14_002 BioBlitz_Oct14_003 BioBlitz_Oct14_001               The day dawned frosty, but with hardly a cloud in the sky by 10am it was warm and sunny as people assembled in Wanstead Park for the Wren Group's first bio-blitz. The Lakehouse moth-trap had already delivered nine species of moths, and the efforts of Bob, Dan, Debbie and Tim had produced a good selection of birds on Wanstead Flats, including a party of Skylarks that had deserted their breeding area and returned to their winter feeding quarters - on the other side of Centre Road! Other birds found on the Flats during the day included a Stonechat and Linnets, but there was no visible migration of note. Back at The Temple, after a showing of four of the moth highlights - Black Rustic, Shuttle-shaped Dart, Pink-barred Sallow and Lunar Underwing - Derek took charge of the pond-dipping session in Perch Pond, while Gill, Cathy and Jackie led a group listing invertebrates, plants, lichens and fungi in Chalet Wood. David scoured the Park for birds, while Rose went off in search of anything of she could find. A large Signal Crayfish and several Perch ended up in pond-dippers' nets and four species of dragonflies were seen over and around Perch and Heronry, including a very late Black-tailed Skimmer. Good numbers of Red Admiral butterflies, along with a few Large Whites and Speckled Woods - and a lovely, fresh Small Copper - were on the wing over The Plain. Cathy picked up a Buzzard soaring over The Glade and a few minutes later it drifted south over The Plain. Unusually these days, both Treecreeper and Nuthatch were recorded: Cathy heard the latter calling in Chalet Wood, while Dan saw a Treecreeper in Bush Wood. A selection of interesting aquatic invertebrates was showcased at The Temple. These included an extraordinary squeaking water beetle, probably Acilius sulcatus, and a Great Water Boatman, Notonecta glauca. As the afternoon wore on, people were still trying to add new species but we called it a day at 3pm. With various people working on the identities of mystery bugs and lichens, we hope to have a comprehensive list in a few days' time. My hunch is that we'll top 150 species for the day. Thanks to the City of London for letting us have use of a room at The Temple, and thanks to the 30 people who took part, particularly Cathy and Derek, who travelled all the way from Reading. Judging by the positive feedback, there will be more bio-blitzes to come! Tim Harris

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Join our Bio-blitz on 5th October!

Posted by:wrengroup | Posted on: September 22nd, 2014 | 0 Comments

Hawthorn Shield 051 012 034         Sunday 5th October 10:00 outside the tea hut in Wanstead Park (100 metres north of the Northumberland Avenue entrance) On Sunday 5th October we will be conducting a bio-blitz in Wanstead Park. This is a fun activity, but with a serious aim, as we try to find as many species as we can - birds, insects, spiders, plants and anything else we can come across. Identification guides will be at hand and anything we get really stuck on we'll photograph for later identification. We hope to have a team searching in the leaf litter in Chalet Wood, another group identifying invertebrates on The Plain, and other people counting water birds on the Park's lakes. If we have enough people we might also have a team working in the Old Sewage Works. Simultaneously, a group of birders will be logging visible migration on Wanstead Flats. If the weather is fine the previous night a moth-trap will be run locally, and interesting moth species will be shown in The Temple. If the weather is poor we may have to change our plans. To help us plan for the event, could anyone wishing to participate please contact Tim Harris (email: tharris@windmillbooks.co.uk or phone/text 07505 482328).

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Pochard numbers hit new heights

Posted by:wrengroup | Posted on: September 7th, 2014 | 0 Comments

[caption id="attachment_1172" align="aligncenter" width="558"]Pochard Pochard[/caption]

Last winter, Wanstead Park attracted record numbers of Gadwall. This year it seems to have hit the jackpot with Pochard. In recent years, this duck has adopted a habit of arriving in early September - before the build-up of other winter wildfowl, with numbers then thinning as the autumn progresses. This year they started arriving in late August and have, this week, hit record numbers, with more than 60 on Heronry. Joining them this week have been single Red-crested Pochard and Wigeon.

Tim Harris

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